What is GNM Nursing? | General Nursing and Midwifery

GNM nursing stands for (General Nursing and Midwifery).

This specialty focuses on educating students on general healthcare and midwifery topics.

It prepares students to adequately support patients with various illnesses, diseases, and injuries in different healthcare settings.

As nurses develop their education and general healthcare knowledge, they move to more specified healthcare areas.

It includes pharmacology, childcare, pediatrics, orthopedics, nutrition, ER nursing, intensive care, midwifery, and other domains.

What Do GNM Nurses Do?

There are numerous responsibilities GNM nursing students learn to apply in their healthcare profession.

It includes monitoring patient vitals, updating medical records, administering medication, and providing wound care.

They also perform phlebotomy and gather bodily fluids for testing.

These healthcare providers work directly with patients treating different illnesses and diseases.

As a result, they must have an adequate understanding of the nursing practice and patient care.

Excellent communication is essential to ensure the healthcare staff understands their roles and the patient’s needs.

Finally, comparison and understanding are vital to ensure patients feel comfortable and supported throughout their care.

Typical Daily Duties:

  • Provide emotional support to patients
  • Educate patients about their condition
  • Monitor patient vitals
  • Administer mediations
  • Provide wound care
  • Communicate patient needs with staff
  • Update medical records
  • Draw blood when needed
  • Collect samples

These healthcare providers’ typical duties vary depending on their specialization and employer.

However, a deep understanding of nursing practice, analytical skills, communication, and teamwork are always necessary.


The GNM nursing program lasts approximately three to four years, including roughly six months of internship training.

This program educates students on various aspects of nursing to prepare them for careers in healthcare.

During the program, students learn the ins and outs of nursing.

It includes anatomy and physiology, microbiology, psychology, personal hygiene, nutrition, sociality, and other topics.

They also study medical-surgical nursing, diseases, mental health, community nursing, and computer education.

During the last semester, students learned advanced community health nursing, introduction to research, pediatric nursing, health economics, midwifery, gynecological nursing, and other advanced subjects.

At the end of the program, GNM nursing students earn their bachelor’s degrees.

It enables them to begin working in clinical nursing and provide direct care to ill and injured patients.

In addition to the bachelor’s program, GNMs may also choose to continue their education in a post-graduate program.

These programs enable students to earn their master’s degrees and find work in more prominent positions.

For instance, nurses with an MSN degree can pursue management and leadership roles within their profession.

They can also obtain employment in education, research, and development areas.

Where Do GNM Nurses Work?

GNMs work in various healthcare settings within the public and private sectors.

It includes hospitals, nursing homes, hospices, the armed forces, community centers, healthcare facilities, college universities, and other healthcare settings.

Each setting has distinct healthcare requirements and nursing roles to accommodate its needs and patient demands.

Occupational Settings:

  • Hospitals
  • Nursing homes
  • Hospices
  • Armed forces
  • Community health centers
  • Healthcare facilities
  • Colleges/universities
  • Research centers

Certified Nurse Midwife

Midwifery is a relationship-based area of health care that focuses on the fields of women’s health care, pregnancy, and childbirth.

Individuals who train in midwifery deeply understand how the female mind and body operate and focus on developing close (family-like) bonds with their patients.

These specialists provide care throughout the pregnancy and childbirth development phases of becoming and being a mother.

This nursing field blends art, psychology, modern science, and safe practice to provide women with the best possible healthcare.

CNMs help their patients through the entire process of childbirth.

They provide support from the first days as a pregnant mother through the first few months of birth, when mothers and their partners are likely to have questions regarding the best ways to care for their newborn child.

Students who wish to become CNMs (Certified Nurse Midwives) must complete a registered nurse program.

However, the program must be from a board-approved nurse-midwifery program

It enables students to earn their certification and start working as CNMs.