The trochanter is a part of the femur bone, which serves as an important attachment for a number of muscles surrounding the hip, thighs, pelvis and glutenous maximux regions.
The trochanter plays an important part in attaching muscles between the hip and femur, and can significantly impede an individuals mobility and health if an injury occurs.
A trochanter roll often refers to cylindrical prop such as a rolled up towel, foam roll, cylindrical cushion/pillow or rolled up blanket/linen that is positioned around the lateral hip/thigh area of an individual to provide added support to the hip/leg regions and prevent the legs from rolling outwards.
The purpose of a trochanter roll is to keep a patients hips/legs properly aligned when the body is unable to support itself without causing further injury.
Without proper alignment and support it is possible that a patient could suffer from additional medical issues such as contractures (shortening and hardening of the muscles), deformation, physical discomfort, tendon damage and other ailments.
A trochanter roll may be used in situations where a patient is receiving surgery or becomes immobilized due to an injury.
It is also extremely useful for individuals that are dealing with muscle weakness, hip dislocation or paralysis.
These medical props are commonly used in healthcare facilities such as hospitals, nursing homes and rehabilitation centers to treat patients dealing with specific injuries or medical issues in and around the hip area.
When it comes to placing a trochanter roll correctly for maximum effectiveness and patient comfort there are a number of things that should be considered.
If a patient is not already laying in the proper position prior to applying a trochanter roll he/she may be placed into a supine or recumbent position where the patient lies flat on their back with the trochanter roll placed on the sides of the hips ranging from the ilium to the mid-thigh area as a way to keep the hips/legs in place and prevent them from rolling outward as the patient is lying down.
The injured leg may be rotated slightly inward to prevent external rotation and the spine should be aligned straight with the head placed in a neutral position, possibly elevated with a pillow for better spine alignment.
The arms may rest along the sides of the body, be supported by pillows, rest on the stomach/chest area or be placed in another comfortable position.
For mobile individuals that are fairly recovered or are dealing with less severe circumstances a trochanter belt may be used to improve stability and assist in minimizing ligament sensitivity as the individual walks and moves around.
Those dealing with mild trochanter ailments may participate in a rehabilitation program, which can include exercises, stretching and heat therapy.
For individuals who are not suffering from any ailments practicing hip exercises can help improve ones physical condition and protect against potential injuries.
Aside from using a trochanter roll a healthcare professional may also use other props such as a pillow, hand-roll, foot-board or foot-splint to assist patients dealing with other ailments or multiple medical issues.