Pre-Hospital Trauma Life Support (PHTLS) focuses on providing pre hospital emergency medical care to trauma victims and patients suffering from life threatening injuries/illnesses and is used to extend the patients survivability rate and maintain normal body function until the patient is able to reach a hospital or health care facility that can provide them with additional medical care.
Pre-Hospital Trauma Life Support may be taught to Emergency medical technicians (EMT), Advanced emergency medical technicians (AEMT), First Responders, Nurse Practitioners (NP), Paramedics & Registered Nurses (RN) among other advanced level medical professionals.
Those who train in PHTLS will learn how to identify and assess a patients wounds and see if it is trauma related, identify life threatening injuries and provide medical intervention in order to pro long the patients life and primary organ functions until they are able to reach the hospital.
PHTLS classes will help medical professionals identify injuries related to fire/water/electrical burns, airway obstructions which may cause difficulty breathing, trauma management and resuscitation skills, identify and provide support to bone fractures & breaks, manage patients dealing with cardiovascular complications, heart attacks, seizures and patients suffering from shock/hypoxemia identify and provide support to blunt trauma injuries and a host of other injures, illnesses and brain/heart complications that require immediate pre-hospital medical care and intervention.
PHTLS training may be broken down into sections and segments to help medical practitioners better understand and identify a medical injury/illness such as:
Body part segments
Assessment of sensory functions, motor response and verbal response
Type of injury
- Blocked airway passage
- Bone fractures/breaks
- Blunt traumas
Type of illness/medical complication
- Heart attack
Respiratory and organ functions
- Heart rate
- Blood circulation
- Body temperature
- Skin coloring
And a host of other injury/illness related topics.
Pre-Hospital Trauma Life Support course
Those who are interested in learning more about pre-hospital trauma life support can find a number of online resources such as the National Association of Emergency Medical Technicians (NAEMT) and the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) which provide information on the PHTLS training program.
Students and nurses can also find additional information related to the PHTLS course by going to a local college or university, checking with their library and by contacting local health care organizations within the area.
The PHTLS training program is a relatively short program that allows medical professionals to acquire the training they need over a two-day course (depending on where the training is done).
- National Association of Emergency Medical Technicians
- National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
- Basic Life Support
- Advanced Cardiac Life Support