Neonatal resuscitation is the act of performing resuscitation on new-born infants.
The neonatal resuscitation program is designed to teach individuals (often medical health care professionals) how to safely and successfully perform resuscitation on children that are just born which generally occurs in a hospital delivery room or newborn nursery but may also occur in a variety of other settings such as on board a plane (see flight nursing) or in an ambulance.
The program was developed by the American Academy of Pediatrics which focuses on overseeing and addressing the health care standards of the pediatric health care field.
This program is essential for any health care provider that is involved in the delivery of newborns.
For those taking the neonatal resuscitation program the course combines online educational material and examinations with in-person training which helps to minimize classroom training while ensuring that those taking the program get the full training and skills needed to perform safe and successful resuscitation of newborn infants.
This course teaches individuals how to assess, identify and treat newborns who appear to have issues breathing.
Some of the most common causes for the need of neonatal resuscitation include perinatal asphyxia, respiratory depression and extreme premature birth.
Some of the factors that doctors use to identify a healthy birth include:
signs of adequate breathing
- good muscle tone
If any of these signs are missing then the doctor or health care provider needs to do a further assessment to ensure that the child isn’t having difficulty breathing.
At this point the doctor will perform additional steps in order to identify whether or not there is a problem.
Some of these steps include:
- clearing the airway passage
providing the newborn with warmth
- perform chest compressions if necessary
- provide the newborn with proper ventilation
Being able to assess, identify and act on potential breathing problems immediately after childbirth is vital for insuring the new-born is getting the oxygen he/she needs.
Because of the potential complications that can occur during child birth it is important for everyone involved to not only be educated in how to provide resuscitation if it neccessary, they must also have the right equipment needed to aid in providing the newborn child with a healthy birth and must be able to treat the child if any complications occur.