Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is a medical procedure that focuses on manually stimulating a patient or individuals blood circulation and/or breathing when the patient shows signs of no breathing or abnormal breathing such as when a patient is under cardiac arrest.
The purpose of CPR is to manually stimulate blood flow while preventing the patient from suffering brain tissue damage due to a lack of oxygen rich blood which the brain, heart and vital organs require in order to survive and function properly.
The process of CPR involves providing the patient with multiple chest compressions at a rate of at least 100 compressions per minute and at a depth of at least 5 cm, which manually stimulates the patients blood circulation by pumping blood through the patients heart.
In many cases providing a patient with chest compressions may not be enough to re-stimulate blood flow so the use of additional support may be necessary in order to aid in restating the patients heart.
In addition to chest compressions CPR may also involve the use of a defibrillator which provides a shock to the patients heart in order to try to restate the heart and help the patient regain regular blood circulation.
Another method that has been used while performing chest compressions is the use of artificial respiration (mouth to mouth resuscitation), which may or may not aid in helping stimulate blood flow to the heart and brain as the views on artificial respirations tend to change over time as new research and evidence becomes available.
CPR certification training and certification
If you have an interest in certification in Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) you can find a number of resources available on the internet.
Some of these organizations include the American Heart Association, Red Cross and the American Medical Association.
All of these organizations provide provide information on how to apply for and take the CPR certification program.
In addition to online resources you may also want to check with your local library, college or universities along with some the local health care organizations available in your area.
The CPR certification program is generally a short program when compared to the many certification programs available.
Most individuals can complete this program within a few hours.
It’s also important to know that if you work in the health care industry CPR may be a general requirement of the organization you work for.
While you may or may not be required to take CPR training it can provide you with vital life saving skills that may come in handy one day.
- American Heart Association
- Red Cross
- American Medical Association
- Basic life support
- Advanced cardiac life support